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Oman expects to discover more gas amid $20 billion of projects


Oman, the biggest Middle Eastern oil producer outside OPEC, expects to discover and explore for more gas northeast of the sultanate in the area where the giant Mabrouk field is estimated to hold more than four trillion cubic feet of gas and 112 million barrels of condensate, the country's oil and gas minister told S&P Global Platts.

Already, Total and Shell are conducting downstream and upstream projects in Mabrouk that could cost more than $20 billion, Mohammed al-Rumhi said at his office in Muscat this week.

Oman, which currently produces around 3 billion cubic feet of gas per day, is ramping up exploration and undertaking multi-billion dollar projects to monetize gas from the field that was discovered in 2018. State-run Oman Oil Co., Total and Shell are partnering in the upstream development of Mabrouk while Shell and Total are separately working on a gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant to be developed by Shell and an LNG bunkering facility to be developed by Total.

"These projects are still in a very early stage. We are doing appraisal of the discovery and we expect to make more discovery in the same neighborhood," the minister said. "Right now we have more gas than we can consume."

Oman, which produced 971,070 b/d of oil and condensate in June, is banking on more gas discoveries with the help of international oil companies. The Gulf country has 5.4 billion barrels in oil reserves and 23.5 trillion cubic feet of gas, according to BP's 2019 Statistical Review of World Energy.

Oman will be the second country in the Gulf after Qatar to develop a GTL project, which is expected to have a capacity of between 40,000 to 50,000 b/d and will be located in the up and coming industrial city of Duqm on the Arabian Sea. Total will develop the LNG bunkering facility in the port city of Sohar.

The sultanate is also developing its giant Khazzan gas field with the help of BP, which is expected to boost production from the current 1 billion cubic feet per day to 1.5 billion cubic feet per day by 2021.

Oman also plans to boost its refining capacity, which currently stands at around 330,000 b/d.

It is building in Duqm a 240,000 b/d refinery, a 50-50 joint venture between Oman Oil and Kuwait Petroleum International.

Some 60 km from Duqm, Oman wants to transform Ras Markaz into an oil storage hub, where oil is exported and imported and eventually traded.

In July, Oman signed a memorandum of understanding with Iraq, OPEC's second largest producer, to explore the possibility of building a refinery in Iraq, the minister said. The memorandum also included Iraqi imports of crude oil products from Oman, on top of current imports already taking place.

Oman is still mulling investing in a refinery in Sri Lanka.